Smoking is the biggest preventable cause of cardiovascular disease. It leads to the enlargement and thickening of the heart leading to heart failure.
- The mechanism by which smoking has been found that is through the thickening of the heart walls compromising the heart’s pumping ability.
- In response to the heart working harder, the walls of the left ventricle will respond to working harder by thickening and increasing in size.
- The hypertrophy of the left ventricle leads to loss of cardiac function which in effect causes compromised heart blood supply, stroke, and arrhythmia.
These data suggest that smoking can independently lead to thickening of the heart and worsening of heart function, which may lead to a higher risk for heart failure, even in people who don’t have heart attacks.
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Mike Dilkes MS FRCS(ORL-HNS), FRCSEd, FRCS
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